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Dry Eyes

Dry eye disease affects the surface of the eye. It can lead to symptoms such as grittiness, burning and stinging. As your natural tears are very important for the function of your eyes, a deficiency in the quality and quantity of tears can even cause a deterioration in your vision. 

The causes of this condition are complex and difficult to manage. Many patients are fed up of being seen by several different doctors and receiving little relief from their symptoms. 

Mr Yadav is an oculoplastic and lacrimal surgeon and receives hundreds of referrals for patients who have failed management of their dry eyes. He specialises in the the function of tear glands and the drainage of tears. He can offer both medical and surgical management for this important condition. 

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What is dry eye?


Dry Eye (also known as Dry Eye Disease or Dry Eye Syndrome) is a common condition affecting people of all ages. It occurs when there is an insufficient quantity or quality of tears to keep the surface of the eye sufficiently hydrated. This can result in symptoms such as burning, discomfort, grittiness, stinging and blurred vision. It can have a significant debilitating effect on the quality of your life and can affect activities such as driving and reading.

What causes dry eyes?

Dry eyes is usually the result of multiple factors and there is rarely a single simple fix. It can be caused by a deficiency in tear production, a reduced quality of tears, increased tear evaporation, inflammation, previous eye treatments, autoimmune conditions and eyelid abnormalities or a combination of several factors.

Will it get better by itself?


No. Dry Eye is chronic and progressive, meaning your symptoms will recur and worsen if not treated. For this reason, it is important for dry eye to be diagnosed and managed correctly by a specialist. 


How is dry eye treated?

Anyone that suffers from dry eyes will usually tell you that they have not yet found a simple solution for it. There are several medical, laser and surgical treatments on offer. Mr Yadav specialises in the production and drainage of tears. He can fully assess your condition and offer any medical and surgical treatments that you may require.

Unveiling the Causes of Dry Eye: Understanding the Discomfort


Dry eye syndrome, a common ocular condition, affects millions of individuals worldwide. Characterized by a lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture on the eye's surface, dry eye can lead to discomfort, redness, and even vision problems if left untreated. While many factors contribute to the development of dry eye, understanding its causes is crucial for effective management and relief. In this article, we will explore the primary causes of dry eye and shed light on the importance of seeking proper diagnosis and treatment.

Environmental Factors:
External conditions play a significant role in the onset and exacerbation of dry eye symptoms. Dry and windy climates, as well as high altitudes, can accelerate tear evaporation, resulting in dryness and irritation. Additionally, exposure to air conditioning, heating systems, and fans may disrupt the natural tear film, leading to evaporative dry eye. Prolonged use of digital devices, such as computers and smartphones, can also contribute to dry eye due to reduced blinking and increased screen time.

As individuals age, the likelihood of developing dry eye increases. The natural aging process leads to a decline in tear production and quality. Hormonal changes in women during menopause can further exacerbate dry eye symptoms due to a decrease in estrogen levels, which affects tear gland function.


Medical Conditions and Medications:
Several underlying health conditions can trigger or worsen dry eye symptoms. Autoimmune disorders, such as Sjögren's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus, often result in dry eye due to immune system dysfunction. Diabetes, thyroid disorders, and certain vitamin deficiencies are also associated with dry eye.

Moreover, certain medications can induce or exacerbate dry eye symptoms. Antihistamines, decongestants, antidepressants, hormone replacement therapy, and blood pressure medications are examples of drugs that may affect tear production or alter the composition of tears.


Eyelid Problems:
Issues with the eyelids can contribute to dry eye. Conditions such as blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelid margin), meibomian gland dysfunction (affecting the oil-producing glands in the eyelids), and ectropion (outward turning of the eyelid) can disrupt the balance of tear production and drainage, leading to dryness.


Contact Lens Wear:
Contact lenses, when not properly fitted or cared for, can cause dry eye symptoms. Ill-fitting lenses may irritate the cornea and impede tear flow, while improper lens hygiene can lead to bacterial contamination, inflammation, and dryness.


Eye Surgeries:
Certain eye surgeries, such as LASIK and cataract surgery, can temporarily disrupt tear production and cause dry eye symptoms. Although the condition is usually temporary, some individuals may experience prolonged or chronic dry eye after these procedures.


Dry eye syndrome can significantly impact one's quality of life, causing discomfort and visual disturbances. By understanding the various causes of dry eye, individuals can take proactive measures to manage and alleviate their symptoms. It is essential to consult with an eye care professional for an accurate diagnosis and to explore appropriate treatment options tailored to the underlying causes of dry eye. With proper care and guidance, individuals can find relief and maintain healthy, comfortable eyes.


Treating Dry Eyes: Restoring Comfort and Vision Clarity


Dry eye syndrome is a common ocular condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the eyes do not produce enough tears or when the tears evaporate too quickly, leading to discomfort, redness, and vision disturbances. Fortunately, various treatment options are available to manage dry eyes effectively. In this article, we will explore the different approaches to treating dry eyes, ranging from simple self-care practices to advanced medical interventions, enabling individuals to find relief and regain optimal eye health.


Artificial Tears and Lubricating Eye Drops:
Artificial tears are widely available over-the-counter eye drops that provide temporary relief from dry eye symptoms. These drops mimic the composition of natural tears and can be used as needed throughout the day. Lubricating eye drops that contain thicker formulas, known as gel or ointment-based drops, are also available for more severe cases of dry eye, providing longer-lasting lubrication. It is essential to choose preservative-free drops to minimize the risk of irritation or allergies.


Warm Compresses and Eyelid Hygiene:
For individuals with dry eye caused by eyelid inflammation or meibomian gland dysfunction, warm compresses can be beneficial. Applying a warm compress to the closed eyelids helps soften any hardened oils within the glands, improving the flow of oils onto the eye's surface. Additionally, gentle eyelid hygiene practices, such as using a mild cleanser or eyelid wipes, can reduce inflammation and improve tear quality.


Lifestyle Modifications:
Simple lifestyle changes can significantly contribute to managing dry eyes. Taking frequent breaks during prolonged screen time, maintaining a proper distance from screens, and blinking consciously can help reduce eye strain and improve tear distribution. Increasing humidity levels in indoor environments using a humidifier can also alleviate symptoms by preventing excessive tear evaporation.


Prescription Medications:
In cases where artificial tears and lifestyle modifications are insufficient, an eye care professional may prescribe medications to address underlying causes or manage severe symptoms. Prescription eye drops, such as cyclosporine or lifitegrast, can reduce inflammation and promote tear production. Steroid eye drops may be used for short-term relief in more severe cases. Antibiotic ointments or drops might be recommended if an infection is present.


Punctal Plugs:
Punctal plugs are tiny devices inserted into the tear ducts to block tear drainage. By keeping tears on the eye's surface for longer periods, punctal plugs help alleviate dry eye symptoms. They can be temporary or permanent and are typically used when other treatments have been unsuccessful in providing relief.


Advanced Therapies:
In some cases, advanced treatments may be required for severe or persistent dry eye. Intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy, a non-invasive procedure, can help improve the function of the meibomian glands and reduce inflammation. LipiFlow® is another innovative treatment that uses gentle heat and pressure to clear blockages in the glands, improving oil flow and tear stability.


While dry eye syndrome can be a persistent and uncomfortable condition, there is a wide range of treatment options available to alleviate symptoms and improve eye comfort. From artificial tears and lubricating eye drops to lifestyle modifications, prescription medications, punctal plugs, and advanced therapies, individuals can find a treatment approach that suits their specific needs. It is essential to consult with an eye care professional for a proper diagnosis and personalized treatment plan. By proactively managing dry eyes, individuals can restore comfort, protect their vision, and enjoy optimal eye health.

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