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Benign eyelid tumours and lumps

Cysts and benign tumours of the eyelid are relatively common. Although they are not cancerous, they can cause significant symptoms including irritation and interference with vision. They can also appear unsightly causing damage to psychological well-being. Mr Yadav is an oculoplastic surgeon and specialises in conditions of the eyelids. He can diagnose and treat all eyelid lumps to achieve the best functional and cosmetic result for you.

Treatment depends on the type of lesion present. Below are some examples of typical benign lid lesions: 

chalazion benign eyelid lesion cyst_edited

Chalazion of the lower eyelid

xanthelasma eyelid benign eyelid lumpg

Xanthelasma of the eyelids

eyelid skin tags benign eyelid lump

Skin tags of the eyelids

Seborrhoeic keratosis wart eyelid lesion_edited

Seborrhoeic keratosis (wart) of the eyelid

cyst of moll benign eyelid lump

Cyst of Moll of the upper eyelid

cyst of zeiss benign lid lump

Cyst of Zeiss of the upper eyelid

Eyelid lumps, also known as eyelid tumours or eyelid masses, are abnormal growths that can occur on the skin or in the tissues of the eyelid. While some eyelid lumps are cancerous and require immediate medical attention, the majority are benign, meaning they are not cancerous and do not spread to other parts of the body.

There are several types of benign eyelid lumps, including chalazia, cysts, and papillomas. Chalazia are small, firm bumps that occur when a gland in the eyelid becomes blocked and swollen. They are usually painless and do not cause any vision problems. Cysts are small, fluid-filled sacs that can form anywhere on the body, including the eyelids. They are usually harmless and can be treated with warm compresses or antibiotics. Papillomas are small, wart-like growths that are caused by a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). They are usually benign, but in rare cases, they can become cancerous.

Symptoms of benign eyelid lumps include a visible lump on the eyelid, swelling, redness, and irritation of the eyelid. In some cases, the eyelid may also be tender to the touch or produce discharge. If you notice any of these symptoms, it is important to see an oculoplastic surgeon as soon as possible for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Treatment for benign eyelid lumps depends on the type and size of the lump. In many cases, no treatment is necessary and the lump will resolve on its own. However, if the lump is causing discomfort or affecting your vision, your doctor may recommend one of the following treatments:

  • Warm compresses: Applying warm compresses to the affected eyelid can help to soften and drain the lump. This is often the first line of treatment for chalazia and cysts.

  • Antibiotics: If the lump is infected, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to clear the infection.

  • Steroid injections: Steroids can help to reduce inflammation and swelling. They may be used to treat chalazia or papillomas.

  • Surgical removal: In some cases, surgical removal of the lump may be necessary. This can be done with local anaesthesia and is usually a quick and straightforward procedure.

It is important to note that benign eyelid lumps do not typically require aggressive treatment. However, it is still important to have them checked by a medical professional to rule out any underlying issues and ensure that they are not cancerous.


There are several factors that can increase your risk of developing an eyelid lump, including:

  • Age: Eyelid lumps are more common in older adults.

  • Sun exposure: Prolonged exposure to the sun can increase your risk of developing skin cancer, including on the eyelids.

  • Smoking: Smoking has been linked to a higher risk of cancer, including on the eyelids.

  • Infections: Certain infections, such as staph and HPV, can increase your risk of developing an eyelid lump.

  • Previous injury: If you have had previous injuries to your eyelid, you may be more likely to develop an eyelid lump.

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